Топики

National holidays

     In Russia, as in every other country, there are many holidays: interesting, funny, patriotic or dedicated to an historical event. For example, in Russia there are such holidays as Women’s day, Victory Day, Independence Day, April’s Fool’s day, and many others.

I like all holidays. But most of all I like New Year‘s Eve. New Year‘s Eve is a holiday for everyone. People all over the world welcome the New Year, that’s why I think it’s the most uniting holiday in the world, because in this moment every person can say that he loves everyone. I think it is an international holiday. But in different countries the New Year is celebrated on different days, for example it can be celebrated on the 1st of September. I’ve heard that from 2001, the New Year will be celebrated on the 1st of March by all countries all over the world. But to tell the truth I don’t believe it.

There are lots of New Year traditions in Russia. In every home there is a New Year tree glittering in coloured lights and decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them a present. Many people consider New Year‘s Eve to be a family holiday. But most of the young prefer to spend New Year‘s Eve in the company of their friends. Personally, I prefer to spend New Year’s Eve with my family, because I think I must spend as much time as possible with them as in the future I’ll have to leave them to begin my own life and these holidays may be the last.  A Holiday is a day set apart for religious observance or for the commemoration of some extraordinary event or distinguished person, or for some other public occasion. National holidays are days set aside by official government proclamation to celebrate different occasions.

The U.S. has many national holidays, some of which are legal holidays – days on which banks, schools, or other public institutions and most places of business are closed.

Memorial Day is a legal holiday, observed annually on the last Monday in May. It honours the nation’s armed servicemen killed in wartime. The holiday, originally called Decoration Day, is traditionally marked by parades, memorial speeches and ceremonies, and the decoration of graves with flowers and flags. Memorial Day was first observed on May 30, 1868, on the order of General John Alexander Logan for the purpose of decorating the graves of the American Civil War dead. It was observed on May 30 until 1971, when most states changed to a newly established federal schedule of holiday observance.

Independence Day is an annual holiday commemorating the formal adoption by the Continental Congress of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia. Although the signing of the Declaration was not completed until August, the Fourth of July holiday has been accepted as the official anniversary of United States independence and is celebrated in all states and territories of the U.S. The Fourth of July is traditionally celebrated with parades, pageants, patriotic speeches, the organized firing of guns and cannons, and displays of fireworks. Family picnics and outings are a feature of private Fourth of July celebrations.

Thanksgiving Day, a legal holiday in the U.S., was first celebrated in early colonial times in New England. The actual origin is probably the harvest festivals that are traditional in many parts of the world. After the first harvest was completed by the Plymouth colonists in 1621, Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day of thanksgiving. In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed a day of thanksgiving, and since then each president has issued a Thanksgiving Day proclamation, generally designating the fourth Thursday of November as a holiday.

New Year’s Day is the first day of the year, January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. In the Middle Ages most European countries used the Julian calendar and observed New Year’s Day on March 25, called Annunciation Day and celebrated as the birth to the Son of God. With the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in 1582, Roman Catholic countries began to celebrate New Year’s Day on January 1. The custom of visiting friends, relatives and neighbours on New Year’s Day is one of the Old World traditions that have taken on a new form in the United States. A favourite place to see the old year out is New York City’s Time Square.  Christmas is an annual festival, held on December 25, to celebrate the Nativity, or birth of Christ. The Christmas tree, an evergreen trimmed with lights and other decorations, is derived from the so-called paradise tree, symbolizing Eden. Saint Valentine’s Day, a holiday honoring lovers, is celebrated on February 14. There is a custom of sending greeting cards or gifts to express affection. The cards, known as valentines, are often designed with hearts to symbolize love. The festival gradually became associated with the feast day (February 14) of two Roman martyrs, both named St. Valentine, who lived in the 3rd century. St. Valentine has traditionally been regarded as the patron saint of lovers.

Топики

Winter Sports

Usually, when talking about winter sports we have in mind all sports having to do with ice and snow.But some sports such as hockey and figure skating, should be considered summer sports.They are played all over the world on artificial ice rinks.It is interesting to participate in speed races, but it is much more interesting to watch speed races.Hockey is played on a rink forty metres long by six players on each of two teams.It is very interesting, fast, and dynamic game.It is played with a puck and long straight sticks with an angle at the bottom. The team that scores the most goals wins.One more exciting kind of winter sports is ski-jumping.

Продолжить чтение “Winter Sports”

Топики

Weather and climate

Climate is the weather a certain place has over a long period of time. Climate has a very important influence on plants, animals and humans and is different in different parts of the world. Some scientists think that the world is becomming hotter. If you compare Moscow winter and summer temperatures at the beginning of our century and at its end you will see that climate has really changed. Winters have become warmer. Sometimes there is little snow in January, and there were winters when it rained on the New Year’s Eve. Many people say

Продолжить чтение “Weather and climate”

Топики

Sports and Olympic Games

A lot of people all over the world are interested in sport. Sport helps people to stay in good shape, keeps them fit, healthy and makes them more organized and better disciplined in there daily activities. We have always paid great attention to sport in our schools, colleges and universities. You can hardly find a school without a gym or a sport ground. Every city and town

Продолжить чтение “Sports and Olympic Games”

Топики

Sports and a healthy way of life

Sport is very important in our life. It is popular among young and old people. Many people do morning exercises, jog in the morning, train themselves in clubs, in different sections and take part in sport competitions. Other people like sports too, but they only watch sports games, listen to sports news. They prefer reading interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don’t go in for sports. Physical training

Продолжить чтение “Sports and a healthy way of life”

Топики

My hobby

Hobby is what a person likes to do in his spare time. Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting. The most popular hobby is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities from gardening to traveling, from chess to volleyball. Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing

Продолжить чтение “My hobby”

Топики

My future career

What do you want to be when you grow up? We have heard this question many times during our school years. Perhaps, it was difficult for us to give a definite answer earlier. But now we understand that the time to choose our future profession has come. Finishing school is the beginning of an independent life for millions of school-leavers. Many roads are open before us: technical schools, colleges and universities. Centuries ago there were only a few jobs: people were farmers, bakers, butchers or carpenters. Today there are thousands of different kinds of jobs, and new ones are constantly appearing. No wonder that it is not an easy thing to make the right choice.

Продолжить чтение “My future career”

Топики

My favourite food

For some food is a source of pleasure, for others – a source of energy. For me food – is a pleasant source of energy. I think that pleasant food is healthy food. To my mind healthy food should be quite simple. I eat complicated dishes only in restaurants. My daily meals consist of the same dishes every day. First of all I would like to say that I do not eat animal meat at all. I prefer fish and other sea products. So in the morning I usually have some cottage cheese with kefir, then I have tea with two cheeseburgers. At dinner I have vegetable soup, a salad and fried fish. I do not have desserts, but only tea with lemon. For supper I have just a salad and then I eat fruit.

Продолжить чтение “My favourite food”

Топики

Mass media. Different ways to know the world

There are many different ways to get knowledge about our big world. It is mass media, travelling, museums, meeting with interesting people, etc.

People all over the world enjoy books. Books are our friends and teachers. We can learn a lot of interesting and useful things from the books.

Many people choose traveling as the way to know the world. I enjoy it too. It’s very fun and interesting! Every year I travel to another place than last year, and I like it:

Продолжить чтение “Mass media. Different ways to know the world”

Топики

Internet in daily life

More and more people nowadays are interested to be known about all events or finding information quickly. With the help of the internet you can find it easily. Back in the 1960s, during the cold war, the Pentagon asked the question: “How could orders be issued to the armed forces if the U.S. were ravaged by a nuclear assault?” The main form of communication ways at that time was the telephone, which connected offices, the radio and

Продолжить чтение “Internet in daily life”